Colombia, A Complex but Earthly Negotiation
Saint Anthony’s College, Oxford University, March 2000.
II. Can more war be a sign of the end?
III. Can anybody win the war?
IV. Obstacles on the path to peace
V. The issue, main ideas, experiences and lessons
The following study attempts to explain, from a Latin American perspective,
why the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) have become
a much more offensive guerilla group during the past four years (1996-2000).
It seeks to typify the nature of the FARC’s organic body and to point out
the set of factors involved in the Colombian peace process which can be
considered positive assets towards a negotiated outcome. It attempts an
analysis of the correlation between the different forces on a military
level and what their corresponding chances are, that which allows for an
explanation of why the FARC combine negotiation with conflict escalation.
It further shows some of the most significant obstacles to the peace process
and concludes by focusing on what could be considered the gist of the negotiation
process ¾closely tied to the consideration
that the FARC is an army¾ and proposing
some pointers on how to address the issue.
Ex Commander of the Salvadoreña guerrilla
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