Aerial Eradication of Illicit Coca and Opium Poppy in Colombia
Secretary of State Colin L. Powell's certification to Congress on issues related to the aerial eradication of illicit crops in Colombia, as required by the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, Division E, Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (P.L. 108-7) (“ FY 2003 FOAA”)
In accordance with the FY2003 FOAA, the Secretary of State delivered to Congress on December 15, 2003 his certification on the U.S.-supported aerial eradication program in Colombia. This certification responds to the following requirements of the FY2003 FOAA:
That not more than 20 percent of the funds appropriated by this Act that are used for the procurement of chemicals for aerial coca and poppy fumigation programs may be made available for such programs unless the Secretary of State, after consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that (1) the herbicide mixture is being used in accordance with EPA label requirements for comparable use in the United States and any additional controls recommended by EPA for this program, and with the Colombian Environmental Management Plan for aerial fumigation; (2) the herbicide mixture, in the manner it is being used, does not pose unreasonable risks of adverse effects to humans or the environment; (3) complaints of harm to health or licit crops caused by such fumigation are evaluated and fair compensation is being paid for meritorious claims; and such funds may not be made available for such purposes unless programs are being implemented by the United States Agency for International Development, the Government of Colombia, or other organizations, in consultation with local communities, to provide alternative sources of income in areas where security permits for small-acreage growers whose illicit crops are targeted for fumigation.
The Secretary's certification and attachments can be viewed through the links below. As mandated in the legislation, the State Department consulted with the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); EPA's written response is also included in the Secretary's certification.
Please send comments to: U.S. Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, ATTN: Public Affairs/Spray Report, 2201 C Street, NW, Room 7334, Washington, DC 20520.
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